History of IVF and ART
Find out more about the history of IVF and Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), both here and overseas, by following our timeline. It's an easy and simple way to see how things have developed over time.
25 July 1978
1st IVF-ling, Louise Brown, born in England. The reproductive specialists involved were Drs Patrick Steptoe (gynaecologic surgeon) and Robert Edwards (PhD) who are recognised as the first to be successful, although others were also trying at the time.
23 June 1980
Australia’s 1st IVF-ling, and the 3rd ever IVF-ling, Candice Reed born
Dr Freddie Graham started the first IVF clinic in New Zealand at National Women’s Hospital in Greenlane, Auckland. The clinic serviced the whole of the country – in the first few years, about 25% of people came from the South Island before a clinic started in Dunedin, and then in Christchurch in the early 1990’s.
24 June 1984
New Zealand’s first IVF-ling, Amelia Bell born
The first embryos are frozen at National Women’s Hospital
Drs Richard Fisher and Freddie Graham began New Zealand’s first private IVF clinic, Fertility Associates
, from a house in Remuera in Auckland. The first birth from a thawed embryo was from an embryo frozen at Fertility Associates in this year
Donor egg treatment was started in New Zealand at Fertility Associates
The first IVF clinic opened in Wellington by Fertility Associates
The first births from donor egg treatment
Fertility Associates introduced ICSI
to New Zealand
The first IVF-ling
born in New Zealand as a result of ICSI performed by Fertility Associates
The first IVF clinic opened in Hamilton by Fertility Associates
Natalie Brown is the first person born from IVF to have her own child. Her baby was conceived naturally. Ms Brown is the yonger sister of Louise Brown (the 1st IVF baby) and the world's forth IVF baby.
The Human Reproductive Technology (HART) Act that provides for the regulation of procedures that assist with human reproduction was passed.
Eggs were first frozen in New Zealand, even though it was not legal to thaw and use them for another 5 years
Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) was introduced to New Zealand by Fertility Associates
The first baby following pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) was born
1st IVF-ling, Louise Brown turns 30. Two years previously, Louise had given birth to a son who was conceived naturally.
The law is changed in New Zealand to allow women to thaw and use eggs which have previously been frozen for medical or social reasons.
Fertility Associates 10,000th baby conceived using assisted reproductive technologies (ART) was born.
The first IVF baby to be born in America gives birth to her own child naturally! Read an article that she wrote herself about her famous childhood and her baby son.
October: British IVF pioneer Robert Edwards wins Nobel prize for medicine.
December: The law is changed to allow the use of donor eggs and donor sperm in the same cycle of treatment.
March: In Vitro Maturation (IVM) is introduced in to New Zealand